General Information About Batumi
Area: 64.9 km²
Currency: Georgian lari.
Batumi is the second-largest city of Georgia. Located on the coast of the Black Sea, it is lined with palm trees and surrounded by mountains. Batumi is the region's touristic and gambling capital. It presents an eclectic mix of architecture, ranging from charming 19th century classical edifices to ultra-modern skyscrapers housing hotels and casinos. A regional party hub, Batumi has a vibrant night life, hosting increasingly big name international DJs and pop concerts. The Black Sea city welcomes visitors from across different regions - as of 2015, most tourists fly in from locations as diverse as Russia, Israel, Poland, Turkey, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Lithuania and others.
Batumi owes its name to the ancient Greeks, a place to stop on the way to their colonies. In those ancient times it was known as Bathys Limen (Deep Harbour). In the 3rd century BC, Aristotle mentioned it as a part of the Colchis Kingdom. In the 2nd century, it was rebuilt and became a fortified Roman port. The city changed hands many times until in the 10th century when it became part of the Kingdom of Georgia. Batumi first came under Ottoman rule in the 15th century, but the Turks did not hold the city for long. Only in the 16th century did the Ottomans return - with a bigger army - and Georgia's rulers had to surrender the city. For short periods during the next century, Batumi was recaptured by the Georgians, but the city was quickly returned to Ottoman control.
During the 19th century, Batumi was a battlefield of Russian and Turkish interests and finally, after the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78, the defeat of the Turks brought Batumi under the control of the Russian Empire (together with a significant part of south-west Georgia). After the Preliminary Treaty of San Stefano, signed between the Russian and Ottoman Empires and the following Treaty of Berlin, Batumi was declared a free port (porto franco) and maintained this status until 1886.
By the end of 1870s, the construction of the sea port was finished and the expansion of Batumi began. The Batumi-Tbilisi-Baku railway was completed in 1900, just in time for the completion of the Baku-Batumi oil pipeline: there was a huge oil production centre in Batumi. Around this time, in 1888, Batumi was officially granted city status and the first mayor of Batumi was elected. Moreover, Batumi became the main Russian oil port on the Black Sea. The city was placed under the direct control of the General Government of Georgia only in 1903.
After becoming a Soviet State, in 1921, Ajara - with its centre in Batumi - was declared an Autonomous Republic. It retains this status to the present day. During the Soviet era, however, Batumi lost its significance and was a fairly ordinary Soviet town.
Since 2000s, Batumi has been a city in search of its past. It is once again becoming an important Black Sea city, this time as a tourist destination.
Batumi Climate & Temperature
Batumi’s has a warm climate thanks to it´s position next to the Black Sea. This means that it has nice temperatus all year making it an all year destination. Summers can very warm, but not to hot. The average annual temperature in Batumi is around 14 degrees Celsius (57 °Fahrenheit). Rainfall in Batumi is frequent year round.
What's the best time to go to Batumi in Georgia? Here are some annual weather facts we collected from our historical climate data:
The months June, July, August and September have nice weather with a good average temperature.
Batumi has dry periods in January, February and December.
Cold season / winter is in the months January, February and December.
On average, the warmest month is July.
On average, the coolest month is January.
May is the wettest month. This month should be avoided if you don't like too much rain.
January is the driest month.
Art and Culture in Batumi
Explore the rich culture while visiting the many attractions Batumi is replete with. These cultural attractions are suitable for all ages and can prove to make your trip to Batumi a fruitful one. Be it historic monuments or cultural performances, cultural attractions somehow steal the show of the other attractions and things to do in Batumi.
Best of Art and Cultural Places to Visit
The Neptune Fountain
Another example of the stunning Georgian architecture, the Neptune Fountain stands erect at the Rustaveli Ave. Given its proximity to the Europe Square, you can easily spot this fountain with a little of bit strolling around. Especially if you are heading to or from the Batumi Boulevard, from the Europe square, you can easily spot this elaborate attraction of Batumi.
Holy Mother Virgin Nativity Cathedral
Now working as an orthodox church, the Holy Mother Virgin Nativity Cathedral is a stunning Old Catholic church.
After all the Italian marvels of architecture, this one is just the right break you need. Dark and gothic, the church beguiles you with a vibe of the old-world spirituality. The light and intricate detailing inside, itself will have you mesmerized.
Bequeathing you with a little bit of Greece, the Colonnades depict the peculiar Greek architecture – tall, white, towering arcades that greet you en route the Seaside Boulevard.
The height of the colonnades determines the significance of the then sea level of Batumi. The shore-line of Batumi now, lies at some 200 to 300 odd meters.
Looking for a moment of peace amidst all the sightseeing? This is it!
Batumi’s only mosque, sure is one gorgeous mosque. This is the ultimate place where Muslim tourists can perform their daily prayers. Its compact size will disguise to think of it as just another mosque, until you enter it.
Dating back whoppingly to the 18th century this gem of Batumi, is a prodigy in every way! The mosque is surrounded by halal shops too. Its location next to the Argo Cable
Chacha Clock Tower
If you can’t get enough of the gorgeous Batumi architecture, the Chacha Clock Tower will have you be guiled even further!
Designed by the Levantine French architect Raymond Charles Pere the Chacha Clock Tower is elaboratively decorated in an elaborate Ottoman architecture style. Go here during the night, and the light display will leave you awestruck. The lights illuminate this tower gorgeously against a backdrop of the night sky and twinkling stars.
Batumi Archaeological Museum
Want to know a little more about this beguiling city? The Batumi Archaeological Museum will give you an insight into the city’s prehistory in the form of interesting artefacts and other physical remains.
Established in 1998, the Batumi Archeological Museum is home to Batumi’s 28,508 objects of the city’s past. A striking blend of objects from the Bronze Age to Ajaristskali Gorge’s Medieval times, specimens that were found during archaeological excavations
Museum Of Adjara
Another beautiful Batumi building, the building of the museum is one work of art in itself!
Accommodating, glorious paintings of Georgian as well as foreign artists, the Adjara State Museum has drawings as well as decorative artworks. Most of the artwork is from the 20th-21st century. Art lovers and non-art lovers too can have an insightful time, especially when the weather outside is not its best!
Church Of The Holy Spirit
This church will seize your attention, from a distance, given its beauty and grandeur.
Essentially a Roman Catholic church, this attraction was constructed in the late 1990s. A work of two Georgian architects Oleg Pataridze and GiorgiBaghoshvili, the church was later consecrated by Giuseppe Pasotto in the year 2000. Thus, this is also the latest or newest church in the city.
St Nicholas Orthodox Church
A quaint architecture church, with beige walls of lacing contrast bougainvillea, this place will allure you to go inside.
The church provides the perfect solace, if the sightseeing and attractions get a little overwhelming. Built in the 19th century, the St. Nicholas Orthodox Church is indeed a good place to visit Batumi, especially given its recent renovation. An old church perfectly located in the older part of the town, going here is like going back in time.
Perched at a distance of 15 kilometres to the south of Batumi, the Gonio is a fortress which is actually a Roman fortificationat the mouth of the Chorokhi River in the village of Adjara. This is where you stand at distance of 4 kilometres from Turkey!
Historically known for its rich theatre and hippodrome, you will find several instances that give you this realization. Additionally, this attraction also accommodates one of Christ’s disciples’tombsnamed Apostle Mathew.
Batumi Culture and History
There are the places visited which, our hearts stop of admiration ... They steel your feelings forever. They let to transfer your thoughts there back again and again. And you're no longer able to resist, you can even feed off of it themselves weathered feeling emotions. Batumi, Georgia is one of those places. It is the region of the hot sun, rich in its warm rays, refreshing sea, magic sunrises and sunsets that conques by its integrity. Fresh air is saturated with aromas of true Georgian cuisine, refined by fragrance of magnolia, oleander, citrus aroma and tart black coffee.
The history of the city of Batumi
Batumi is famous for its history, which goes back to the distant past. Tens of centuries ago, the city served as the "gateway to the sea" and was strategically important object. Over time, the deep harbor, like Batumi was called at the time- "Lyman Batius" reserved in its borders culture of past and present, mixing together the history and originality. Exactly this merger resulted the wave of interest to the city of Batumi, and in 19th century "deep harbor" got a fame as a resort area, rich in sightseeings and artifacts of the past.
Climate of Batumi
It is no secret that the climate of Batumi is on the prime place in attracting of tourists. The subtropical climate with high humidity attracts people from all over the world. The beach season begins in May and ends in October. However it remains attractive for tourists even in November.
What to visit in Batumi?
Botanical Garden is a wonderful place for walking, in a sunny,hot day and during cloudy weather. Botanical Garden will reunite you with nature, giving the feeling that you are walking on a place where nature has remained in its virgin state. Botanical Garden Batumi has no analogues in the world.
Dolphinarium will give a joy to you and your children. Nothing can move the soul as the dolphin rattle, his smart eyes, mind and intelligence. You can swim with dolphins.And this experience leaves a mark until the end of your life,without any doubts.
Seaside park with a palm grove with superb views of the Black sea is the epicenter of tourists. Outdoor cafes full of happy and cheerful tourists, live music, bars, attractions,clubs ... In general, anything that attracts tourists in the evenings, making their life more intense after the quite days at the beach.
The fortress "Tamara" or to say correctly Tamaristsihe. It is the temple which was named to the honor of Queen Tamara.
Gonio Fortress was stronghold of Roman, a little later of the Byzantine Empire in the old days.
Singing Fountains are of wonderful and various forms with lights and music.
Old Batumi is a part of town which was built in the 19th century. Here the atmosphere of those times still preserved- everything stopped.. Old Batumi is not subject to the power of time. Even if you are not religious one, churches and temples Batumi will leave its mark in your heart. These are Cathedral Blessed Virgin, executed in the Gothic style, and the Church of St.Nicholas, and St. Barbara's Church.
Batumi is the pearl of Georgia on the Black Sea, the name of the city was mentioned in the writings of Aristotle at early of 4th century. Nowadays you can see all the great writers and poets surprised, by own eyes. And what you are exactly guaranteed after the trip to Batumi is tha car and truck of positive impressions!
From ancient times, Armenians have cherished their artistic traditions, which reflect a unique culture and landscape. Aspects of everyday life are expressed in the most artistic fashion, in needlework, embellishments, carvings and design.
Architecture is one of the most interesting art forms in Armenia, as, for example, churches bear artistic illustrations in frescoes and reliefs. Sculpting is everywhere - in nearly every city, town, and village in Armenia.
Armenians love music, and they have been creating exquisite compositions for centuries. Sharakans are traditional Armenian liturgical songs, which are experiencing a revival today. Distinctive musical instruments are used to play Armenian folk songs. Sayat Nova, Komitas, and Aram Khachaturian are among Armenia's best-known musicians and composers. Contemporary music comes in the forms of jazz and pop. The Komitas Conservatory helps polish future generations of Armenian musicians. Frequent concerts make for delightful evenings at the Philharmonic, Chamber Music Hall, Opera and Ballet House in Yerevan.
Literature has always played a vital role in Armenia's cultural and national identity. Before the Armenian alphabet was developed in the 5th century, Armenian tales were passed down by oral tradition and written in foreign languages. Armenian manuscripts, beautifully illuminated with miniatures, combine Armenia's literary and illustrative traditions. Christian culture and the invention of the Armenian alphabet by Mesrop Mashtots, so thoroughly expressive of the language that it has withstood the centuries without any essential changes, gave new stimuli to the development of unique cultural traditions. There is no better place to view this literary and artistic history than Yerevan's unique Matenadaran (Institute of Ancient Manuscripts), which houses an extraordinary collection of 14,000 complete manuscripts, fragments and miniatures. The oldest parchments date back to the fifth and sixth centuries. The majority of manuscripts are research works of ancient scholars on theology, astronomy, astrology, alchemy, geography, history, medicine, poetry and music.
The Armenian Theatre has history of more than 2000 years. In the Matenadaran there are a lot of manuscripts also about the theatre. The Greek historian Plutarch attests, that in 53 B.C. “The Bacchae” of Euripides was staged in Artashat and that the Armenian king Artavazd composed tragedies. The chronicler of the 5th century Hovhan Mandakouni and Davtak Kertogh /7th century/, then Tovma Artsruni /9th-10th centuries/ and others gave valuable information on the Theatre, according to which, the Theatre maintained its existence in further centuries, too. The traditions of the Armenian Theatre are being kept with zeal and responsibility also today.
Armenian painting blossomed in the 19th century. Artists from that period, such as the portrait painter Hakob Hovnatanian and the seascape artist Ivan Aivazovsky, continue to enjoy internationalreputation. In the 20th century, Martiros Saryan captured nature's essence in a new light, and Arshile Gorky greatly influenced a generation of young American artists in New York, while Carzou and Jansem found fame and fortune painting in France. A visit to Saryan Park will bring you in touch with today's Armenian artists.
The Caucasus region and Armenia in particular have been cited by scholars as the place where rug and carpet weaving originated. Armenians continue this tradition, and one can find many shops specializing in fine new and old rugs and carpets. At the weekend flea market, rug sellers lay out their eye-catching merchandise filled with appealing colors and designs. At the same market, you will come across loads of charming handicrafts that will be hard to resist purchase. Visitors to Armenia find handmade crafts, Armenian gold, precious and semi-precious stones which inspire jewelers in many regions. Obsidian stone is used for jewelry, desk accessories, and decorative items. Carpet making is not only a fine art, but Kilim weaving, for example, is applied to clothing items, bags, and home furnishings. Wood carvings replicate the ancient stone crosses (khachkars) found throughout the country, and no two are exactly alike. Armenian crafts couple elegant utility and delightful whimsy in textiles, ceramics, metal and woodworking.
Armenia is often referred to as an open air museum. Tourists find over 4,000 historical monuments throughout Armenia, covering various periods of the country's history from prehistoric to Hellenistic times, and from the early to medieval Christian era. The Armenians created their masterpieces during rare periods of peace and relative prosperity over the centuries. Within Yerevan alone there are more than 40 fine arts museums and galleries.